John Perry Barlow, an internet activist and lyricist for the Grateful Dead, has died.
The digital-rights group Electronic Frontier Foun-dation said Barlow died early on Wednesday in his sleep at home in San Francisco. He was 70.
The cause of death was not known. Barlow had been battling a variety of debilitating illnesses since 2015, according to supporters who organised a benefit concert for him in October 2016.
Barlow co-founded the EFF in 1990 to champion free expression and privacy on-line. In a 1996 manifesto, the “Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace,” he argued the United States and other governments should not impose their sovereignty on the “global social space we are building”.
“He’s one of the very first people who recognised the internet was going to be important because it would help people connect in a way they couldn’t in the physical world,” Cindy Cohn, the EFF’s executive director, said.
Some of his policy views evolved over time, but he remained optimistic about the power of the internet to strengthen human connections as long as people were not silenced by meddling governments or monopolistic businesses.
“He stayed consistent to this core idea that we could make something beautiful, or something awful, and it was up to us,” Cohn said.
Barlow was born in rural Sublette County, Wyoming, in 1947 and raised near Pinedale, where his parents were ranchers and his father a state senator. Barlow has said he grew up as a devout Mormon before leaping into the counterculture of the 1960s.
He befriended Bob Weir, one of the Grateful Dead’s founding members, when they were boarding school classmates at the Fountain Valley School in Colorado. Barlow graduated from Wesleyan University in 1969.
He later returned to Wyoming, where he ran a cattle ranch for nearly two decades and dabbled in Republican politics. It was as a rancher in the 1980s that he first began exploring the web’s early social networks.
Sought out by FBI agents investigating computer crimes, he realised that government agencies did not understand what was going on in these communities and “were vastly overreacting,” Cohn said.
That led him to partner with software entrepreneurs Mitch Kapor and John Gilmore to create the EFF, which hired lawyers and sought to raise awareness about the importance of protecting civil liberties on-line.
By then, Barlow was already famous among fans of the Grateful Dead. He co-wrote several songs with Weir, including Mexicali Blues, Black Throated Wind and Cassidy. With keyboardist Brent Mydland, Barlow wrote Blow Away and We Can Run. He also wrote songs for String Cheese Incident and Burning Spear.
“John had a way of taking life’s most difficult things and framing them as challenges, therefore adventures,” Weir said.
“He was to be admired for that, even emulated. He’ll live on in the songs we wrote.”
His survivors include three daughters and a grand-daughter. His memoir, Mother American Night: My Life in Crazy Times, is due to be published later this year. AP